The Trojan Horse
By: Joshua D.
The Trojan Horse was an instrument of war used by the Greeks to gain access
to the city of Troy.
The story behind the Trojan War involves myths;
therefore you can choose to believe it, or choose not to believe it. The epics
such as The Odyssey and The Illiad were written by a Greek writer
named Homer after the Trojan War. I believe that it is safe to say that the
chronicles of the the Trojan War through Homer's writings were at least a little
distorted to make the Greeks look glorious and just.
believe that the myth behind the Trojan War is simply an exaggeration of many
smaller conflicts between Troy and the Greeks between the years of 1500 BC and
1200 BC. These smaller conflicts are not explained, but they play a major role
in the beginning of the war if the epics are indeed true, or false.
epics written about the war are said to contain both factual, and fictional
information. This applies to all of the epics written and myths created.
Greek myth states that the conflict which started the war took place at
the wedding feast of King Peleus (king of Pthia), and Thetis (the goddess of the
sea). All gods and goddesses were invited except for one. Eris, the goddess of
Discord was outraged because she was the only divine being not invited. Eris
threw a golden apple into the midst of the party. The words "To the most
beautiful" were inscribed on the apple. Naturally, more than one goddess claimed
the apple. Hera, Athena and Aphrodite each wanted the apple. Then the problems
started. A man named named Paris was to be the judge of who was the most
Paris was the son of Priam, who was the king of Troy. The
goddesses tempted him with many gifts such as power and love, but in the end he
picked Aphrodite as the most beautiful ( His gift from Aphrodite was the most
beautiful, mortal woman in the world). At this time Helen of Troy was the most
beautiful woman in the world, but she was married to King Menelaus of Sparta.
Aphrodite put a spell on Helen so that she would go with Paris. Paris would have
the Queen of Troy to himself, and Aphrodite's obligation to give the most
beautiful woman would be fulfilled.
When Paris came to visit, Helen left
with him to return to Troy.
Enraged, the Greek king launched a fleet of
one thousand ships to go to Troy and retrieve Helen. Helen's was "the face that
launched a thousand ships."
Many main characters of the Greek epics and
myths were involved in the seige of Troy. Achilles and Odysseus were only a
For ten years , the Greeks had lain siege to the city of Troy
without success of getting into the city, or with getting Helen back. The layout
and build of the city walls made the ancient metropolis impenetrable. After
Achilles left the war, the Greeks' progress slowed to almost a dead stop. Troy
was not going to be taken by sheer numbers.
The Trojans, led by Hector,
began to repel the Greeks. Eventually the Greeks were driven back to their own
ships. Achilles rejoined the battle, and killed Hector to avenge a good friend's
death. Greek morale shot through the roof!
The Greeks needed a war
machine. The siege machines of the time weren't getting the Greeks anywhere.
They needed something new. So the Greeks devised a plan and put it to work.
The Greeks built a giant, wooden horse with a hollow belly. A handful of
armed Greeks climbed into the hollow opening, and sealed it up. Meanwhile, the
rest of the Greek army piled into their ships and sailed away. Due to a
convincing Greek spy , the Trojans came out of Troy to recive the huge horse as
an offering of peace. The Trojans rejoiced at the thought of the Greek army
running away like dogs!
The Trojans then decided to celebrate. By
nightfall the whole city was in a drunken uproar. They celebrated far into the
night. In the small hours of the morning, while everyone was drunk or asleep,
the Greeks unsealed the belly of the horse, and climbed down from it. Silently,
they killed the Trojan sentries at all the city gates. The gates were then
opened to the bulk of the Greek army. In their drunkeness, the Trojans did not
see the Greek fleet return to their shores.
Now, the Greeks were finally
inside the city after ten years of useless battle. The Greeks finally had their
chance at capturing victory. They slaughtered men and boys alike. The women, and
girls were kept and later sold as slaves. By daylight, everyone in Troy was
either dead, or in bondage.